He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. [4], Picasso also introduced him to Pierre Loeb, a Parisian art dealer; Loeb gave Lam his first exhibition at the Galerie Pierre Loeb in 1939, which received an enthusiastic response from critics. He left for Madrid, Spain in the autumn of 1923 to further his art studies. [1] He painted generic figures, creating the universal. [8] While Diego Rivera and Joaquín Torres García drew inspiration from Pre-Columbian art, Lam was influenced by the Afro-Cubans of that time. "Lam: Obras Recientes 1950." At the encouragement of Asger Jorn and after being intrigued by the local pottery-making, Lam began to experiment with ceramics and had his first ceramic exhibition in 1975. "The Drawings of Wifredo Lam: 1940–1955. During the 1960s, Lam’s work reflected a growing interest for engraving. He enjoyed the company of numerous artists: Noguchi, Hare, Motherwell, Pollock, Asger Jorn and the dissident surrealist group CoBrA. [1], While Lam began simplifying his forms before he came into contact with Picasso's work, it is apparent that Picasso had a significant impact on him. "Wifredo Lam: a Sketch. ", Nessen, Susan. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8th, 1902, in Sagua la Grande – a sugar producing region on the northern coast of Cuba – the year the country proclaimed itself a Republic, after a little more than three centuries of Spanish rule. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. While Cuban culture and mythology permeated his work, it dealt with the nature of man and therefore was wholly relatable to non-Cubans. [10][11], In 2015 a retrospective exhibition of his works opened at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, set to travel to the Reina Sofia Museum in Spain and the Tate Museum in London afterwards. But there are a few facts that you should know about pottery clay, and in this, we’ll discuss some of the 10 must-know facts about your pottery clay, and some different parts about it. Lam found solace in the company of his Spanish friends and made contact with several political organizations. November 20–December 8, 1945. Through his godmother, Matonica Wilson, a Santería priestess locally celebrated as a healer and sorceress, he was exposed to rites of the African orishas. "Wifredo Lam in North America," Haggerty Museum of Art, Marquette University, Milwaukee October 11, 2007–January 21, 2008. The youngest of eight children, he was baptized Wilfredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla . As of 2018 Wifredo Lam is years old. "Wifredo Lam, Imagining New Worlds, McMullen Museum of Art," Boston, August 30–December 14, 2014; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, February 10–May 24, 2015. "Lam Paintings." Shortly before leaving, he met Helena Holzer, who would become his wife in 1944. "Césaire, Lam, Picasso, Nous nous sommes trouvés," Galerie nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France, March 16–June 6, 2011. It was in Paris that Lam was exposed to conventions of African sculpture. Cuban artist of Asian ancestry who was best known for his 1943 work "The Jungle." State-run day care centers were constructed to allow working women to raise their child… Wifredo Lam is a well known Sculptor. In an interview with Max-Pol Fouchet, he said: "I wanted with all my heart to paint the drama of my country, but by thoroughly expressing the negro spirit, the beauty of the plastic art of the blacks. In Madrid, he was exposed to the ideas and movements of modern art. Wifredo Lam: Mix-Master, Modern Artist At the end of his life, the celebrated painter, draftsman, and sculptorWifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was asked to reflect upon why he painted. He was enrolled in the Escuela Profesional de Pintura y Escultura, Academia de San Alejandro, where he remained a student until 1923. Lehigh University Art Galleries, Zoellner Arts Center, Bethlehem PA, August 30–December 10, 2017. He studied law but moved to Spain and began to study art. By 1990, the ratio of men to women in the country’s health services was nearly equal. "Wifredo Lam Peintures." Simultaneously he also began studying tropical plants at the Botanical Gardens. A new record was established on June 28, 2020 when Sotheby's auctioned Lam's "Omi Obini" for $9,603,800. [6] In 1950, he worked with René Portocarrero and others; in the village of Santiago de Las Vegas, the group of painters worked on ceramic. Drafted to defend Madrid, Lam was incapacitated during the fighting in late 1937 and was sent to Barcelona. In 1936, with the help of his friend Faustino Cordón, he joined the Republican forces in their fight against Franco. The painting depicted the tension between Modernism and the vibrancy and energy of African culture. "Wifredo Lam." Rather, Lam's intention was to depict a spiritual state—that which is surely inspired by Santería;[14] he sheds light on the absurdity that has become Afro-Cuban culture and more specifically on the way their traditions were cheapened for tourism. October 2–15, 1950. Lam then went on to New York where he renewed contact with Marcel Duchamp and made new acquaintances: Jeanne Reynal, James Johnson Sweeney, Arshile Gorky, John Cage, Roger Wilcox, Mercedes Matter, Ian Hugo, Jesse Fernández, John Cage, Sonia Sekula and Yves Tanguy. 1629 askART artist summary of Wifredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam. [3] From 1918 to 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. There he rejoined many intellectuals, including the Surrealists, with whom he had been associated since he met André Breton in 1939. Lam, who continued to sympathize with the common man, exhibited a series of paintings at Havana University in 1955 to demonstrate his support for the students' protests against Batista's dictatorship. [7] Picasso and Lam also exhibited their work together at the Perls Galleries in New York in the same year. Find more prominent pieces of figurative at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. From 1947, Lam’s style began to show new developments: a pronounced presence of esoteric elements and a coupling of the influence of Oceanic art with that of African art. His sister Eloisa, whom he was closest to, explained to him in much detail the workings of Afro-Cuban rituals and he began attending ritual ceremonies with some of his friends. Lam’s distinctive style and exploration of Afro-Cuban visual culture, alongside his knowledge of European modernism, made a hug… He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. Much of his work in 1938 possessed emotional intensity; the subject matter ranged from interacting couples to women in despair and showed a considerably stronger African influence, seen in the figures’ angular outlines and the synthesis of their bodies. [1] His style was also distinctive because of its fusion of Surrealist and Cubist approaches with imagery and symbols from Santería. He discovered surprising correlations between western art and so called “primitive” art. 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