Animals used in scientific research are covered by and specifically referred to in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and Administrative Order No. ABS-CBN News Posted at Jun 25 05:05 PM. In May 2019, the Philippine Zoos & Aquariums Association announced that, in partnership with the Bureau of Animal Industry, it would begin drafting a Philippine Zoo Welfare Standard and Guidelines.Â At time of writing, these standards are still in draft and thus unable to be assessed for the API. This section also stipulates that the Animal Welfare Protocol must be observed, however no detail of such Protocol has been provided. This goal assesses whether animal sentience has been recognised in legislation and explores the core legislative protections granted to animals, such as the prohibition of animal cruelty. Similarly, the Act also allows wildlife and exotic species to be kept as pets. Establish an inspection and monitoring system to ensure effective implementation of R.A. 8485 (Animal Welfare Act). 21 of 2003 to exclude wild animals such as birds under their definition of companion animal and to ban the keeping of wildlife â both captive-bred and caught â as pets, since the welfare needs of wild animals cannot be fulfilled in private homes. Furthermore, jurisdiction for animal protection is divided with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources protecting all terrestrial animal species, all turtles and tortoises, all wetland species (i.e. Fur farming is inherently cruel and causes pain, distress and suffering to animals. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. The Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office (DA-RFO) 4 held its Regional PhilAHIS Conference last July 11, OIE - World Organization for Animal Health, Department of Environment and Natural Resources. All pig farms with more than 300 sows are required to have Resident Veterinarian and acts including cruelty, neglect, inadequate supply of food, water and shelter as well as the slaughtering, branding, mutilating, confining or carrying of any pig resulting in unnecessary pain or suffering are prohibited. Through incorporating the OIEâs principles and standards in areas such as agriculture and health, animal welfare could be introduced into other governmental strategies and further help to improve animal welfare in the country. Implementation of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act is the responsibility of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (in relation to terrestrial animals) and the Department of Agriculture (in relation to aquatic animals) (section 4), including issuing permits under that Act for the breeding and collection of wild animals. No animal should be forced to witness other animals being slaughtered as this is inherently distressing. The Committee is required to inspect animal care and use facilities at least once annually and evaluate veterinary care, animal environment, housing, management including physical environment, behavioural management and husbandry.Section 15 of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) also allows the capture of wild animals for scientific research. Administrative Order No. Crocodile farms and monkey farms are included in the provisions of this Order. The OIEâs âImproved Animal Welfare Programmeâ is a good example of a programme which covers aspects of transport and slaughter practices integral to the OIEâs animal welfare standards. Administrative Order No. In relation to those of the OIEâs guiding principles and standards that are covered by the content of current legislation, there are enforcement mechanisms of imprisonment, fines and revocation of licences. Further legal and policy recommendations are associated with each Animal Protection Index (API) indicator and contained in the relevant sections of this report. 15 embeds the Five Freedoms. 12 of 2002 provides transport recommendations and prohibitions for the transport of chickens.Â Administrative Order No. This goal looks at whether the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)âs animal welfare standards have been incorporated into law or policy, and whether the Government is supportive of the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare. â¢ The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to develop Administrative Orders guiding appropriate care for animals in captivity on a species by species basis. However, this requires prior approval by the relevant meat inspection authority and is subject to the authorityâs conditions and restrictions. Given that the Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for writing standards and guidelines, it is inconsistent that the Philippine Zoos & Aquariums Association does not have representation on the committee. 19Â of 2006 governs the transport of live animals by road and explicitly states the considerations of the Five Freedoms. These strategies are an attempt by the Philippine Government to curb the illegal wildlife trade for which the Philippines is a consumer, source and transport hub. Supplementary regulations such as Administrative Order No. With no mention of the Five Freedoms and vague language, their application for animal welfare is limited. Administrative Order No. Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-third day of July, two thousand twelve. Animal welfare is recognised as an individual issue by the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, which also recognises the far-reaching impacts of animal welfare by providing that the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry may call upon any government agency for assistance in supervising and regulating commercial facilities (section 3). Both departments run separate committees such as the Committee of Animal Welfare (Department of Agriculture) and the National Committee on Wildlife Management (Department of Environment and Natural Resources); however, there is no suggestion that these two committees work together to ensure animal welfare protections for all animals under their jurisdictions. Republic of the Philippines Congress of the Philippines Metro Manila Fifteenth Congress Third Regular Session. There are no structural barriers to improving animal welfare and prohibiting cruelty to animals under the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. Philippine Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) Founded in 1954, PAWS led the pursuit of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 (also known as Republic Act 8485) in the Philippines. Certificates for commercial facilities can be revoked or cancelled for failure to comply with the condition that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain or suffering to animals (section 2). The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 assigns responsibilities to Government bodies. The Administration Order also provided minimum required space for housing, shelter and transport based on size. Beyond the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and Administrative Order No. For species such as the Dugong there are no exceptions to the protections provided such as maltreatment, capture and trade and their removal from their habitat is only allowed for scientific research (Administrative Order No. Section 4 also makes it clear that cruelty includes overcrowding and that any form of cruelty towards animals while in transit shall be penalised, even if the transporter has the correct permit. Administrative Order No 8 of 1999 provides some more detailed rules on the registration of facilities including animal control facilities (such as pounds, shelters and quarantine centres), aviaries, catteries, kennels and pet shops. Current legislation allows for the culling of stray animals; however, culling has been proven to be ineffective as an animal population management tool. Breach of the prohibition on killing wild animals under section 27(a) of the Act is punishable with imprisonment of between six months and twelve years and/or fines, depending on the conservation status of the animal (section 28).Any wildlife involved in breaches to the law are automatically forfeited to the Government for care. There are no limitations on the type of research allowed to be conducted on animals (both domestic and wild) and animals used for veterinary products are not provided further protections in supplementary Administrative Orders, nor are invertebrates offered any protections beyond the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. Cultural traditions and societal practices in the Philippines that demonstrate a lack of regard for animal sentience, such as cockfighting and the presence of marine mammals in captive conditions present barriers to improving animal welfare and demonstrate a general lack of recognition of animal sentience by society.Â Â Â. Section 1 states that the purpose of the Act is to protect and promote the welfare of all animals by regulating facilities using animals as objects of trade or as household pets. 21 all puppies shall be properly vaccinated before sale, and all dogs and cats are to be identified through either microchipping or tattoo. The does not appear to be any restriction in the law as to which animals can be kept as pets. This goal explores animal protection laws in relation to various categories of animals, namely: farm animals, animals in captivity, companion animals, working animals and animals used for entertainment, animals used for scientific research and wild animals. The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan includes initiatives and projects that will result in improved animal welfare for wild animal, however, this has not been translated into protections or provisions in law. SECTION 1. The Philippines experiences an average of 20 typhoons every year. However, there are challenges in improving animal welfare in a country where farming methods range from backyard farming to large commercial operations and where social and cultural attitudes to animals may inhibit efforts. The Government is also encouraged to develop supporting Administrative Orders, aligned with OIE standards, where absent. It is noted that the October 2013 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 include an explanation of animal welfare as pertaining to the physical and psychological well-being of animals, and including the avoidance of abuse, maltreatment, cruelty and exploitation by humans by maintaining appropriate standards and the assurance of freedom from fear, distress, harassment, and unnecessary discomfort and pain, and allowing animals to express normal behaviour (section 1). Administrative Order No. The Act also provides a structural framework for addressing animal welfare issues by facilitating the opportunity to involve ‘any Government agency for assistance’, recognising the potentially far reaching nature of animal welfare issues. â¢ The Government is strongly encouraged to ban the use of wild-caught animals in experiments. 25 of 2007 . Chickens are required to be provided enough space for them all to lie down at the same time (Section 4.3). Its aim was to prevent future animal losses for communities whose farm animals were suffering in Haiyan’s aftermath through lack of shelter and protection. Phoenix Legacy of Compassion 41 of 2000 but has no requirement for anaesthetic. 8 of 1999 makes rules on the registration of facilities including laboratory animal facilities, although it only applies to such facilities where the temperature cannot be controlled within set limits (therefore it appears that this does not cover temperature-controlled indoor facilities). 15 provides some regulations for horses used as draught animals. â¢ The Government is encouraged to amend the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) to ban the commercial breeding, capture, trade and keeping of all wild animal species (include exotics) outside zoos. 9147 as they can be farmed, however it is stipulated that they may be subject to other regulations from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Rule 3.3). 21 of 2003 to apply to all commercial and at-home breeders, in addition to pet shops. A further point for animal welfare is the recommendation of using water sprays to wet pigs, cattle, carabao, horses and goats during hot weather (2.5.2). Responsibility for animals during transport is divided (under Section 3) between animal owners, managers and subcontractors and animal caretakers/handlers. 12 of 2002Â concerns the minimum standards for the welfare of chickens, which refers to the concept of the Five Freedoms and prohibits a number of practices including âwilfully or wantonly causing unreasonable or unnecessary pain, suffering or distress to the chickenâ. MANILA, Philippines –The Philippine Animal Welfare Society has monitored about 100 cases of animal cruelty in the country this year, many of which are ignored due to … â¢ The Government of the Philippines is urged to mandate the humane slaughter of all farm animals. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. Disease control in animal populations is also a major focus of the OIEâs animal welfare standards. The Order further provides welfare considerations for animals in pet shops by stating that predator animals should be visually and physically separated from prey species. CONTACT US. 21 of 1999 (Code of Conduct in the: A) Euthanasia for pets/companion animals and B) Slaughter of animals for food.Â It details that slaughter (as well as euthanasia) should be done ârapidly and humanely and must occur with the least fear, anxiety, pain and distress to the animalsâ. Regulations should include appropriate housing, feeding, handling and husbandry by species and promote the Five Freedoms for all individual animals. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. Administrative Order No. The OIE Animal Welfare Standards focus on transport, slaughter, production systems (beef cattle, broiler chickens, dairy cattle, pigs), stray dog population control, the use of animals in research and education, and working equids.Â Some of the issues covered in the OIE animal welfare standards and guiding principles are included in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. A veterinarian of AHWD conducting blood collection to Poultry (Duck) Farm for Local Transport and Farm Accreditation. There are no enforcement mechanisms for failure to adhere to animal welfare law or duty of care of these facilities to animals under Administrative Order No. The Philippine Zoos & Aquariums Association is an active member of the Southeast Asian Zoos & Aquariums Association and they work closely with the Department for Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Agriculture â Bureau of Animal Industry, Department of Agriculture â Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and Department of Tourism. 21 of 2003Â provides rules and regulations for pet shops, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in pet shops. The Role of Animal Welfare in Dealing with Animal Abuse, Cruelty and Neglect Section 2.6 of Administrative Order No. It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all terrestrial, aquatic and marine animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilitiesutilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or … Under the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, section 6 addresses issues related to the killing and slaughter of animals. Section 3 makes it the responsibility of the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry to supervise transport in order to âprovide maximum comfort while in transit and minimize, if not totally eradicate, incidence of sickness and death and prevent any cruelty from being inflicted upon the animalsâ. There are significant animal welfare issues related to the use of wild animals for entertainment and in performances. It is stated that the killing of animals âshall be done through humane procedure at all timesâ where âhumane procedures shall mean the use of the most scientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committeeâ.Section 6 also addresses the use of animals in research, but this legislation does not cover all the issues covered by the animal welfare standards. Administrative Order No. Section 7 states that no dog or cat should be displayed for more than 14 days but does not provide direction as to what should happen to those animals after the 14-day period. They also must allow their animals ample time to rest. Section 2 of the Act requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in stockyards and slaughterhouses), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. It is positive to see that the Five Freedoms have been embedded across legislation and administrative orders relating to companion animals. The Animal Welfare Act identifies animal welfare as an individual issue, furthermore it is recognised that its impact is broad, and the Director of the Bureau of Animal Industry is able to call on any governmental department for assistance in the regulation and supervision of facilities covered by that Act. However, existing legislation, including secondary regulations on the subject, is not sufficiently detailed and welfare-focused to ensure companion animals, both owned and stray have a good quality of life. This therefore implies that wild animals (unless captive for commercial purposes or as pets) are not covered by this legislation. Therefore, we are committed to finding them loving homes. This is required to be done through humane procedures at all times, where âhumane proceduresâ means the use of the most âscientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committeeâ. This does not extend to suffering caused by failure to act. The Order also provides details on space allowances (in m2) per animal by species and size. 15 of 2001, to address the welfare of working animals, aligning with OIE standards. Similarly, there is a lack of legislation banning inherently cruel and unnecessary practices such as fur farming, long-distance transport of live animals and testing on animals for cosmetics, including on wild caught animals. Similarly, the Philippine Government actively works with CITES and has enshrined their species conservation statuses into law. A veterinarian of AHWD conducting an inspection to an Animal Facility for Animal Welfare Accreditation. The Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act provides anti-cruelty provisions for wild animals but also allows many species to be hunted even when listed under CITES conservation status as âthreatenedâ. Why It Matters. In the Philippines, there are active animal protection organisations working to address animal welfare issues concerning companion animals and they are represented on the Committee on Animal Welfare. â¢ The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to ban inherently cruel practices such as cockfighting and the use of culling as an animal population management tool. Order No. Under Administrative Order No. In March 2020, Kath officially became CARA’s ambassador. Administrative Order No. NEWS & EVENTS: RESOURCES: CAREERS. The fact that three government departments have pledged in principle support for the UDAW suggests that there are no significant barriers to achieving full government support. 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